Advocating for the active Engagement of the Youth in the Agricultural Value Chain

19 - 23 September 2011
Ezulwini, Swaziland

The Household Vulnerability Index (HVI)

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Date: 
September 2011

There are mulple external vulnerabilies, like HIV/AIDS and climate change, which exacerbate poverty. They mainly manifest themselves in rural households where over 70% of the people in Sub-Saharan Africa reside. This populaon relies on rain-fed agriculture, and chronic food insecurity is a common feature amongst them. The majority of rural households lack the necessary capacity to adapt to the negave impacts of these external vulnerabilies. Policy response is limited, whilst intervenons are not carefully matched to the needs of communies. There is, therefore, a need to idenfy and measure household vulnerability to inform decisions around the design of policy responses and programme intervenons for them to strengthen the capacies of households to adapt to external hazards. Unfortunately, there is a paucity of reliable evidence to inform policy processes and programming in this regard.

To address this gap FANRPAN has developed the Household Vulnerability Index (HVI), a stascal tool for measuring household vulnerability. The HVI categorises a household by assessing “external” vulnerability that is introduced by shocks and “internal” vulnerability or inability of such a household to withstand shocks, and then classifies the household as low, moderate and highly vulnerable, depending on it’s ability to prevail. The tool was recently piloted in three countries (Lesotho, Swaziland and Zimbabwe) over three years.